Maplopo Presents:

Intermediate Japanese Language Learning with Dazai Osamu

Complimentary Japanese Reading Lessons From Maplopo Schoolhouse

Season ONE—水仙 (Page Seven)


EP7. Spotlight: ~ている, Dazai Osamu (太宰治), Daffodil (水仙)

Video file / Audio File / Online Intermediate Japanese Course

Read the full ~ている, EP7 transcript | Intermediate and Advanced Japanese

Okay. Let’s shine a spotlight on  this little part of the sentence.

(Speaking Japanese)

Okay… so, わすれず is without forgetting. きおゆしている is the conjugated version of きおくする, right? —”To remember,” or, “memorize.” Now, this verb and its usage here is what we would  call in English a “continuous” usage, right? So, we’re talking about remembering but we’re not  identifying a specific point when the remembering began, or the specific point when the remembering will end. So, we use this little conjugation.

Okay. Here are two examples. So, first, the Japanese:

(Speaking Japanese)

So… this is “stop,” right? …とまる. And, if we said: “the clock stops,”  it’s… a little weird, right? Uh, we just wouldn’t say that. But we might say: “Oh, the clock stopped!” And, our use of the, uh, English version of that sentence is because, again, we don’t know when it stopped we’re just noticing at this point that it  has stopped.

Here’s an even cooler example:

(Speaking Japanese)

Okay, so けっこんする is “to be married,” right?  So, when we add this 〜している, it says that she is married. Right? We don’t say when and, uh,  it’s not important. It’s just that she IS married now. It’s a “continuous” thing… so, the clock stopping… continued from whenever it stopped until the point that we noticed it… and, will continue forward being the same way. And, the same with being married, right? So, there you go. So, that’s how to use that.

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Page 7 (click here for the next lesson)