Intermediate Japanese Language Learning with Dazai Osamu
Complimentary Japanese Reading Lessons From Maplopo Schoolhouse
Season ONE—水仙 (Page Seven)
Read the full ～ている, EP7 transcript | Intermediate and Advanced Japanese
Okay. Let’s shine a spotlight on this little part of the sentence.
Okay… so, わすれず is without forgetting. きおゆしている is the conjugated version of きおくする, right? —”To remember,” or, “memorize.” Now, this verb and its usage here is what we would call in English a “continuous” usage, right? So, we’re talking about remembering but we’re not identifying a specific point when the remembering began, or the specific point when the remembering will end. So, we use this little conjugation.
Okay. Here are two examples. So, first, the Japanese:
So… this is “stop,” right? …とまる. And, if we said: “the clock stops,” it’s… a little weird, right? Uh, we just wouldn’t say that. But we might say: “Oh, the clock stopped!” And, our use of the, uh, English version of that sentence is because, again, we don’t know when it stopped we’re just noticing at this point that it has stopped.
Here’s an even cooler example:
Okay, so けっこんする is “to be married,” right? So, when we add this 〜している, it says that she is married. Right? We don’t say when and, uh, it’s not important. It’s just that she IS married now. It’s a “continuous” thing… so, the clock stopping… continued from whenever it stopped until the point that we noticed it… and, will continue forward being the same way. And, the same with being married, right? So, there you go. So, that’s how to use that.