Intermediate Japanese Learning with Dazai Osamu
Complimentary Japanese Reading Lessons From Maplopo Schoolhouse
Season ONE—水仙 (Page THREE)
Read the full の, #1 transcript | Intermediate and Advanced Japanese
Okay, let’s talk a little bit about grammar. Don’t be scared. I want to just introduce you to this
idea that sentences are made up of parts. Right? I call them blocks.
Let’s talk about a “simple” sentence. A simple sentence has two blocks: a subject block, and what’s called a “predicate block.” Now, don’t worry about this weird grammar word… “predicate.” It just basically means…
the rest of the sentence.
So. You have two blocks: a SUBJECT block (which is usually at the beginning) and… a PREDICATE block (which means the second half of the sentence.) Right? Okay. Two blocks. In the first block, usually you have… (in a simple sentence) you have a SUBJECT. And, a subject is just basically the “doer” (if you will) of the sentence. So, there’s no action there, okay? You basically have a noun in the SUBJECT block.
In the PREDICATE block (which again is just the second part of the sentence) you will have a verb
and an object. Okay? In, let’s say, a very basic sentence… a simple sentence… you might have
a sentence that looks like this: the SUBJECT block is “Mary” and in the PREDICATE block…
you have “makes music.”
So, “Mary makes music.” —that’s your basic simple sentence structure. So. Now that we understand simple sentence structure as it relates to English, let’s consider Japanese for a moment. Okay. So Japanese simple sentence structure is basically the same, right?
So. SUBJECT block… and PREDICATE block. The trick is… in Japanese… in a subject block you have a noun but it wants a “wa” at the end of it, right? So, in order to get to the predicate block, the second half of the sentence… Japanese requires that at the very least you put a particle in there that is a subject particle… and a subject particle is going to be “wa.” Right? So. NOUN, “wa,” …(plus)… something else. That’s it in a nutshell.